Is It Legal To Kill Beavers?

The biggest rodents in North America are called beavers (Castor Canadensis). The majority of North America is within their range, from northern Alaska and Canada to northern Mexico. Beavers are aquatic rodents that inhabit ponds, lakes, rivers, streams, and other wetlands. Beavers are fairly widespread in Texas, and it is not unusual to see them in suburban and urban settings.


In Kentucky, beavers are considered to be fur-bearing animals. All applicable state rules and regulations apply to the legal harvest of these species, which are subject to an open trapping season. For more details about removing beavers during the permitted trapping season, consult the trapping digest published by the Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife.

You may kill a beaver if it is causing damage to your property outside of the permitted trapping season. You must get in touch with your local conservation officer to dispose of the carcass after the animal has been killed.

What happens if you kill a beaver?

Beaver dams generate ponds, regulate creek flow, and slow runoff, all of which are beneficial to fish, furry creatures, and other wildlife. However, the effects of a beaver altering the ecosystem could be more harmful than helpful if they conflict with human goals.

Beaver skins from the northern and central regions of the country are frequently utilized to make women’s jackets and as trimming for other fur or fabric garments. Hats can also be made from beaver fur. However, owing to the poor quality of their fur, southern beaver pelts are of limited commercial significance.

Problem beavers shouldn’t be shot in the water, experts agree. Shooting into and near water is risky and forbidden in many places. Shot and bullets may ricochet off of the water. Trapping is a more secure method. For information on how to catch beavers and stop beaver damage, see “More solutions for beaver problems” below, or get help from a specialist.

The Vermont Department of Fish and Wildlife has a long-standing program to offer technical support to landowners and towns to help settle beaver/human issues since beavers generate such vital wildlife habitat. If necessary, this aid can also involve providing guidance on beaver population reduction and installing water control structures, fences, and other barriers. Similar support might be provided by other entities and people. See the VFWD publication “Best Management Practices for Resolving Human/Beaver Conflicts” for more details.

How do I get rid of beavers?

Before doing any additional serious actions, various preventative precautions should be used. Place chicken wire or other durable (but temporary) fencing around the trees at a height of about three feet to only discourage the beavers from chewing on your trees. The beavers will be forced to pick different trees and find new homes as a result of this. 

You can take down the chicken wire or other fencing after the beavers have moved on without worrying about further chewing. You can spray thermal straight onto the plants in your yard to repel them. Thiram works best when there are additional trees nearby that beaver can utilize. Even though they may smell and taste awful to them, they will still go for your trees if there are no other trees around.

Connecting two plastic pipes and drilling holes at one end will stop flooding without having to remove the beaver dam. Place the drain pipe through the middle of the dam, via the side with the hole, which should be receiving more water. Install mesh fencing around your water culverts in the shape of a cylinder, supporting it with vertical metal pegs, to prevent beavers from building dams there.

Are beavers a protected species?

The largest rodent in North America, beavers are thought to number between 6 and 12 million creatures. Most states have legislation and regulations that protect beavers as furbearers. 

Where there is a food source and a body of water, beavers can be found in many urban, suburban, and rural regions. Conflicts with beavers arise when tree-cutting and dam construction cause flooding, habitat destruction, and safety issues.

Can you kill a beaver in Canada?

Unless the animal is harming or likely to harm property, these animal security controls can only be done during the open season. The optimum time to shoot beavers is once they’re out of the water and most active around dusk or dawn. Small-caliber weapons or shooting a beaver while it is submerged will only result in a beaver that is slowly dying and suffering.